Open data in Agriculture: Sustainable model development for Hazelnut farms using semantics

Turkey accounts for 75% of the global hazelnut production and 70-75% of the exportation. Taking into account the socioeconomic importance of hazelnut, the stakeholders of hazelnut domain still have problems such as availability, meaningful, accuracy of the hazelnut related data. Providing data to stakeholders is crucial for sustainable agricultural activities. This data should be freely available to everyone to use and republish. With the aforementioned reasons "Open Data" is an efficient way in Turkish Agriculture.In this paper, we shall investigate the open data term and semantics in the context of hazelnut data management. In addition, a data processing model with regard to agricultural open data is proposed.

Multi-layered Open Data Processing Model for Hazelnut Farms

In recent years several projects that are supported by information and communications technologies (ICT) have been developed in the agricultural domain to promote more precise agricultural activities. These projects account for different kinds of key ICT terms such as internet of things (IoT), wireless sensors networks (WSN), cloud computing (CC) etc. These projects are used for different agricultural products and it is a well-known fact that they can be essential to perform precise agricultural activities for the relevant agricultural products. It is important to emphasize that the success of implementing these projects depends on the extent to which support various stakeholders by leveraging relevant data, which are gathered from different kinds of data sources. Agriculture domain has a great deal of stakeholders. These stakeholders need sophisticated data and appropriate intelligence for getting benefits to performing precise agricultural activities. We agreed with scholars that “Open Data” idea, which means accessing data which is published on web and available in a machine readable format is an appropriate way to get benefit for precise agriculture by relevant stakeholders. In this paper, we shall investigate the open data term in an agriculture context and create an open data processing model. We also show viability of the proposed model by developing an ICT-based solution. Taking into account the socioeconomic importance of hazelnut for Turkey, the stakeholders of hazelnut domain still have problems such as availability, meaningful, accuracy of the hazelnut related data so we shall focus on hazelnut within the scope of this paper

Semantic and syntactic interoperability for agricultural open-data platforms in the context of IoT using crop-specific trait ontologies

In recent years, Internet-of-Things (IoT)-based applications have been used in various domains such as health, industry and agriculture. Considerable amounts of data in diverse formats are collected from wireless sensor networks (WSNs) integrated into IoT devices. Semantic interoperability of data gathered from IoT devices is generally being carried out using existing sensor ontologies. However, crop-specific trait ontologies—which include site-specific parameters concerning hazelnut as a particular agricultural product—can be used to make links between domain-specific variables and sensor measurement values as well. This research seeks to address how to use crop-specific trait ontologies for linking site-specific parameters to sensor measurement values. A data-integration approach for semantic and syntactic interoperability is proposed to achieve this objective. An open-data platform is developed and its usability is evaluated to justify the viability of the proposed approach. Furthermore, this research shows how to use web services and APIs to carry out the syntactic interoperability of sensor data in agriculture domain.

A Sustainable Multi-layered Open Data Processing Model for Agriculture: IoT Based Case Study Using Semantic Web for Hazelnut Fields

In recent years, several projects which are supported by information and communications technologies (ICT) have been developed in the agricultural domain to promote more precise agricultural activities. These projects account for different kinds of key ICT terms such as internet of things (IoT), wireless sensors networks (WSN), cloud computing (CC). These projects are used for different agricultural products; and it is a well-known fact that they can be essential to perform precise agricultural activities for the relevant agricultural products. The implementation of these projects successfully depends on the extent to which various stakeholders provide support by leveraging relevant data, gathered from heterogenous data sources. Agriculture domain has a great number of stakeholders. These stakeholders need sophisticated data and appropriate intelligence to get benefits in order to perform precise agricultural activities. Authors agreed with scholars that “Open Data” idea, which means accessing data published on the web and available in a machinereadable format is an appropriate way to get benefits for precise agriculture by relevant stakeholders. In this paper, authors shall investigate the open data term in an agricultural context, create an open data processing model, and develop an IoT-based solution to gather environmental data from agricultural fields. Authors also show viability of the proposed model by developing an ICT-based solution. Considering the socioeconomic importance of hazelnut for Turkey, the stakeholders of hazelnut domain still have problems such as availability, meaningful, accuracy of the hazelnut related data.

Ontology-based data acquisition model development for agricultural open data platforms and implementation of OWL2MVC tool

In the open data world, it is difficult to collect data in compliance with a certain data model that is of interest to different types of stakeholders within a domain like agriculture. Ontologies that provide broad vocabularies and metadata with respect to a given domain can be used to create various data models. We consider that while creating data acquisition forms to gather data related to an agricultural product, which is hazelnut in this study, from stakeholders of the relevant domain, the traits can be modeled as attributes of the data models. We propose a generic ontology-based data acquisition model to create data acquisition forms based on model-view-controller (MVC) design pattern, to publish and make use of on the agricultural open data platforms. We develop a tool called OWL2MVC that integrates the Hazelnut Ontology, which illustrates the effectiveness of the proposed model for generating data acquisition